Articles for Collectors

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1. where no year given this is the standard assemblage or capability
2. where no year given this is the average expectation
3. Too much water may lead to dense foliage which restricts fruit exposure and larger more dilute fruit, compact clusters and unsanitary conditions e.g. mildew, grey rot. Good drainage counteracts some of the problems caused by heavy rainfall. Too little water and vine growth is stunted and maturity delayed. Non-functioning leaves (no photosynthesis) can also inhibit ripening. Whilst sugar can increase this is only as a percentage of the juice which is already lower in volume. Late stress can affect the flavours too. Excessive stress tends to produce wines which are of lower flavour which are less complex, less ripe, lower volume and with less aging potential.
4. Rapport du millésime proposé par la Faculté d'oenologie de Bordeaux
5. Release prices from Leguern.fr
6. Sales dates for wines sold at auction
7. 7/11/2010
8, 9. 23/06/2010
10. 05/11/2010
11. 5/6/2010
12. based on records up until the end of April 2011
13. Foire aux vins
14. https://bleguern.fr/blg/primeur/
15. This article was based on auction sales of Champagne at Sotheby’s (NY, HK and London), Acker Merrall & Condit (NY, HK), Zachys (HK, NY), Hart Davis Hart (Chicago) and Christie’s (HK, NY, London) between 1 January 2006 and 31 July, 2011 – a total of more than 6,300 auction lots. The records are based on unmixed, non-verticals.
16. In some tables lot values are reduced to their 75cl standard format and prices recalculated accordingly, eg if a magnum 1.5l lot sells for £500, the 75cl equivalent is £250. It is worth noting that there are significant premiums attached to larger formats which tend to skew the results where this calculation has been used depending on the underlying sales data.
17. All prices include buyers’ premiums.
18. Average prices (where stated) are obtained using a proprietary weighting by quantity sold.
19. Price at time of going to press (not auction
20. Unmixed, non-verticals from Sotheby's, Christie's, Acker Merrall & Condit, Zachys, Hart Davis Hart
21, 25, 26. Bordeaux Bourgogne - les passions rivales. Hachette Litératures. 2005. Jean-Robert Pitte.
22. All prices include Buyers Premium which vary according to location and auction house and were for the period 2009 – 2012.
23. Many lots of top Burgundy are sold as 'Assortment'. This article only uses whole lots with exclusive vintages/growers/bottle sizes. Bottles are converted to standard equivalents of 75cl.
24. Amongst auction records for Montrachet some are undefined in terms of their producer but these make up less than 20% of the total value covering all traded vintages for the period. It is also likely that many of these are the top-traded wines.
27, 28. There are 12 women who work in the vineyard undertaking all the tasks there. Each woman is responsible for 30,000 feet (vines) which corresponds to a parcel (approximately 30-34,000 vines). Each parcel has 45 rows and each row is 1,000m long. Thus, each woman who works in the vineyard walks 45km along the row, and 45km back, and works each row 11 times during the year. Each woman thus walks a minimum distance of almost 1,000km per annum. This is an enormous physical effort, quite apart from the work involved at each vine or post.